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Snags, Stumps and Ghost Forests

In the Pacific Northwest earthquakes and tsunamis as well as droughts, dams and fires create forests of ghostly trees. 2,000 year old Sitka spruce and cedars rise from their graves along the coast during low tides. In Central Oregon, recent droughts and the effects of the Santium River’s dam combine to create another kind of ghost forest. Droughts also increase the fires that reduce forested slopes to blackened stumps and snags. Earthquakes and tsunamis are beyond our control; climate change is the result of our negligence.